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Immunologic pathomechanism of Hodgkin’s lymphoma
Adam Jona, Peter Szodoray, and Arpad Illes
Experimental Hematology, Volume 41, Issue 12, December 2013, Pages 995-1004
Hodgkin's lymphoma is a lymphoid malignancy of the immune system. The pathognomonic Hodgkin and Reed-Sternberg cells (HRS) are derived mainly from monoclonal, preapoptotic B cells, and they carry rearranged, somatically mutated immunoglobulin heavy chains. In an appropriate microenvironment, HRS cells escape from apoptosis by several mechanisms, including single mutations, aberrant signaling pathways. Eventually, weakened immune surveillance leads to uncontrolled, disproportional B cell proliferation. This review summarizes the latest findings on the pathogenesis of Hodgkin lymphoma, with a special emphasis on immunologic processes, and depicts current and future immunotherapeutic regimens, which improve treatment outcomes and reduce late toxicities.